• prime lens: only one focal length
  • zoom lenses: variable focal lengths
  • AF =(autofocus)  MF =(manual focus)
  • high iso value means the sensor will be MORE sensitive to light, meaning it will take less light to get the right exposure
  • more available light = lower iso
  • less available light = higher iso
  • shutter speed: how long the shutter is open
  • fraction: focal length divided by lens diameter
  • smaller number actually represents a larger opening
  • larger aperture, shallower depth of field
  • most cameras have presets have daylight, cloudy, flash, various 
    indoor lights
  • P (Program) – camera sets shutter speed and aperture, but you can choose ISO, AF/MF, white balance
  • Tv (Shutter Speed priority) – you choose shutter speed, camera chooses appropriate aperture
  • Av (Aperture priority) – you choose aperture, camera chooses appropriate shutter speed
  • M (Manual) – you choose EVERYTHING
  • A-Dep (Automatic depth of field) – camera chooses aperture, shutter speed combo to get best DOF
  • the denominator becomes the f-stop number
  • your shutter speed should be double your frame right
  • use the lowest ISO you can to avoid grain/noise
  • dslr cameras are differnt from phone cameras because they have detachable lenses

portrait read and write

  • Framing can be radical mainly up to you
  •  Compare the very low key, dim lighting with negative exposure compensation
  •  To evoke peace and harmony
  • Decided on a high angle in order to capture like a mountain
  • Leave space
  • A good portrait is an image of a person that manages to tell a story.
  • A good portrait tells us something about the person in the image, and composition is a key element that helps us create a storytelling portrait.
  •  To identify visual storytelling potential and decide how much time you’re willing to wait until the story materializes.
  • Make the background much more dominant compared to the previous image.
  • To use negative exposure compensation and thus create a silhouette was to not compete with red color in the background and give it a sense of harmony.
  • Sometimes by over-thinking, the subject might lose patience.
  • Make it the dominant factor of your composition.
  • The composition to add balance to the entire frame.
  • make using natural light only with explanations of the thinking process and goals in terms of composition.
  • Choosing how much background to include

composition gallery